Thomas Howard, Earl of Arundel, lived from 1586 to 1646. He was a prominent English art collector of the seventeenth century, well known for collection of paintings, marbles, and manuscripts. He married Aleatha Talbot in 1606, and together they developed a love of art while traveling on the European continent. He purchased works from across Europe, including works by Titian, Albrecht Durer, and Hans Holbein. Under Charles VI, he also served as diplomat, general, and royal escort to Queen Marie de’ Medici of France, to varying success. In addition to owning titles for Arundel and Surrey, he was made a Knight of the Garter in 1611. Towards the end of his life, he fell out of favor and retired to Padua. Because of his Catholic sympathies, his estates were reclaimed by the government, but his wife Aleatha retained ownership of his collections.
Cust, Lionel, and Mary L. Cox. “Notes on the Collections Formed by Thomas Howard, Earl of Arundel and Surrey, K. G.” Burlington Magazine 19, no. 101 (1911): 278–86.