Perseus and Andromeda

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Title: Perseus and Andromeda

Date work started: 1554

Date work completed: 1556

Place created: Venice

Patron: Philip II

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Material: oil on canvas

Dimensions: 175.0cm X 189.5cm

Genre: myth

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  • Sequence: Itinerary 1 of 32

    Owner Name: Titian

    In possession from: 1554 to 1556

    Location: Casa Grande, Venice

    Notes:

    Citations: Humfrey, Peter, Titian: The Complete Paintings, (New York: H.N. Abrams, 2007) p. 177.


  • Sequence: Itinerary 2 of 32

    Owner Name: Philip II

    In possession from: 1556 to Unknown

    Location: Ghent

    Notes:

    Titian sent Perseus and Andromeda to Philip II in congratulations on Philip's marriage to Queen Mary Tudor of England; Philip acknowledged receipt of the painting in Ghent in a letter dated September 7, 1556.

    Though Philip returned to England between March and July of 1557, there is no evidence known that Perseus and Andromeda also traveled to England with him.

    John Ingamells, "'Perseus and Andromeda': The Provenance," The Burlington Magazine, Vol. 124, No. 952, (Jul., 1982), pp. 396-400.

    Citations: Wethey, Harold E. , The Paintings of Titian, v. 3 : The Mythological and Historical Paintings, (London: Phaidon, 1975) p. 170.


  • Sequence: Itinerary 3 of 32

    Owner Name: Philip II

    In possession from: Unknown to Unknown

    Location: Alcazar of Madrid

    Notes:

    There is no record of Perseus and Andromeda leaving the Spanish Royal collection, or even that the painting entered Spain, though it is likely that it entered the Alcazar because a copy was recorded there afterwards.

    In 1626 Cassiano dal Pozzo described a copy of Perseus and Andromeda in the Alcazar of Madrid; Carducho in 1633 called it a copy as well, and it appears as a copy in the Alcazar inventories of 1636-1734, the Buen Retiro inventory of 1746, and sent to the Museo de Bellas Artes of Gerona in 1882, put into storage at the Prado 1971-1974.

    Wethey, Harold. The Paintings of Titian, III (1975), pp. 169-171, cat. no. 30.

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  • Sequence: Itinerary 4 of 32

    Owner Name: Antonio Perez

    In possession from: Unknown to 1585

    Location: La Casilla, Madrid

    Notes:

    Pérez Madrid inventory of 1585 lists "Andromeda encadenado y Perseo volando." The artist is unspecified. This may be a copy after Titian or the original, presumably a gift from Philip II. The same inventory lists two originals by Correggio, also without an unattributed artist.

    It is unknown if the Leoni family purchased the original from Antonio Pérez in Madrid, or, if the Pérez inventory refers to a copy after Titian, Pompeo or Leone Leone in fact received the original Perseus and Andromeda as a gift from Philip II at an unknown date.

    Citations:


  • Sequence: Itinerary 5 of 32

    Owner Name: Bautista Leoni

    In possession from: Unknown to 1605

    Location: Casa degli Omenoni, Milan

    Notes:

    Death inventory of Bautista Leoni (1564-1605), son on Pompeo Leoni, lists in Milan household "una Andromeda encadenado y Perseo volando." This may be a copy or the original, in either case, it appears again in the inventory of the estate of Pompeo in 1609 upon Pompeo's death.

    Wethey, vol. III, pp.171-2
    Ingamells, (1982), p. 296

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  • Sequence: Itinerary 6 of 32

    Owner Name: Pompeo Leoni

    In possession from: 1605 to 1609

    Location: Madrid

    Notes:

    Pompeo Leoni's death inventory of 1609 lists: "Una tabla grande de la Andromeda con Mercurio que mata a un dragón que viene del Ticiano."

    Wethey, vol. III, p. 172

    Citations:


  • Sequence: Itinerary 7 of 32

    Owner Name: Anthony Van Dyck

    In possession from: 1627 to 1632

    Location: Antwerp

    Notes:

    Van Dyck could have purchased Perseus and Andromeda from the Leoni family in Milan during his travels in Italy (1627-1630), after which his collection of paintings was kept in Antwerp until he returned to England in 1632.

    The drawing of Andromeda that appears in Van Dyck's Italian Sketchbook (fol. 110, verso) suggests that either Van Dyck saw the picture in Italy or a lost preparatory drawing.

    Wood, Jeremy. "Van Dyck's 'Cabinet de Titien': The Contents and Dispersal of His Collection," The Burlington Magazine, Vol. 132, No. 1051 (Oct., 1990), pp. 680-695.

    Gould, G. "The Perseus and Andromeda and Titian's Poesie," The Burlington Magazine, Vol. 105, (1963), pp. 112-117.

    Citations: Wethey, Harold E. , The Paintings of Titian, v. 3 : The Mythological and Historical Paintings, (London: Phaidon, 1975) p. 170.


  • Sequence: Itinerary 8 of 32

    Owner Name: Anthony Van Dyck

    In possession from: 1632 to 1641

    Location: Blackfriars, London

    Notes:

    At Van Dyck's death in 1641, his London estate, inventoried in 1644, included Perseus and Andromeda. By 1645 the majority of this collection was moved back to Antwerp, excluding Perseus and Andromeda.

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  • Sequence: Itinerary 9 of 32

    Owner Name: Anthony Van Dyck's estate

    In possession from: 1641 to 1645

    Location: London

    Notes:

    On the legal disputes over Van Dyck's estate, including his paintings, see Wood, "Van Dyck's 'Cabinet de Titien': The Contents and Dispersal of His Collection."

    Citations:


  • Sequence: Itinerary 10 of 32

    Owner Name: Sir John Wittewronge

    In possession from: 1645 to 1645

    Location: Rothamstead Manor

    Notes:

    Wittewronge, a distant relative of the second husband of Lady Van Dyck, petitioned for his right to Van Dyck's property and to stop its removal to Antwerp.

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  • Sequence: Itinerary 11 of 32

    Owner Name: Algernon Percy, 10th Earl of Northumberland

    In possession from: 1645 to 1652

    Location: Alnwick Castle

    Notes:

    Northumberland purchased Perseus and Andromeda from Wittewronge for £200.

    See Wood, "Van Dyck's 'Cabinet de Titien': The Contents and Dispersal of His Collection," p. 684.

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  • Sequence: Itinerary 12 of 32

    Owner Name: Francesco Cairo

    In possession from: Unknown to 1665

    Location: Milan

    Notes:

    Richard Symonds' account of his visit to Cairo's collection in Milan in September 1651 describes a Perseus and Andromeda that matches the Wallace Collection's canvas' dimensions. Perseus and Andromeda was inventoried in Cairo's possessions at his death in 1665.

    Citations:


  • Sequence: Itinerary 13 of 32

    Owner Name: Louis-Phelypeaux, Marquis de la Vrilière

    In possession from: Unknown to 1681

    Location: Hôtel de La Vrillière (Hôtel de Toulouse)

    Notes:

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  • Sequence: Itinerary 14 of 32

    Owner Name: Balthazar de la Vrillière, Marquis de Chateauneuf

    In possession from: 1681 to 1705

    Location: Hôtel de La Vrillière (Hôtel de Toulouse)

    Notes:

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  • Sequence: Itinerary 15 of 32

    Owner Name: Louis Raulin-Rouillé

    In possession from: 1705 to 1712

    Location: Hôtel de La Vrillière (Hôtel de Toulouse)

    Notes:

    Balthazar de la Vrilliére dies in debt and the Hôtel de La Vrillière and its contents is sold to Louis Raulin-Rouillé, who dies 1712.

    Citations: Wethey, Harold E. , The Paintings of Titian, v. 3 : The Mythological and Historical Paintings, (London: Phaidon, 1975) p. 171.


  • Sequence: Itinerary 16 of 32

    Owner Name: Mme. Raulin-Rouillé

    In possession from: 1713 to 1717

    Location: Hôtel de La Vrillière (Hôtel de Toulouse)

    Notes:

    The widow of Louis Raulin-Rouillé sells the Hôtel de La Vrillière and its contents in 1713, but the deed of sale excludes Perseus and Andromeda. The painting remains in the Hôtel until 1717.

    See Ingamells, p. 397.

    Citations: Wethey, Harold E. , The Paintings of Titian, v. 3 : The Mythological and Historical Paintings, (London: Phaidon, 1975) p. 171.


  • Sequence: Itinerary 17 of 32

    Owner Name: Philippe II, Duc d'Orléans

    In possession from: Unknown to 1723

    Location: Palais Royal

    Notes:

    Philippe II dies 1723.

    Citations: Wethey, Harold E. , The Paintings of Titian, v. 3 : The Mythological and Historical Paintings, (London: Phaidon, 1975) p. 171.


  • Sequence: Itinerary 18 of 32

    Owner Name: Duc d'Orléans

    In possession from: 1723 to 1792

    Location: Palais Royal

    Notes:

    By inheritance from Philippe II Duc d'Orléans (d. 1723), Louis, Duc d'Orléans (d. 1752), Louis-Philippe I (d. 1785), Louis-Philippe II (d. 1792).

    Citations:


  • Sequence: Itinerary 19 of 32

    Owner Name: Edouard de Walckiers

    In possession from: 1792 to 1792

    Location: Unknown

    Notes:

    Citations:


  • Sequence: Itinerary 20 of 32

    Owner Name: Francois-Louis-Joseph de Laborde-Mereville

    In possession from: 1792 to 1795

    Location: Rue d'Artois (Rue Laffitte)

    Notes:

    Ingamells identifies the residence as being on Rue Laffitte.

    Citations: John Ingamells, ''Perseus and Andromeda': The Provenance' Burlington Magazine vol. 124 : 952 (July, 1982), page 398.


  • Sequence: Itinerary 21 of 32

    Owner Name: Francois-Louis-Joseph de Laborde-Mereville

    In possession from: 1795 to 1798

    Location: London

    Notes:

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  • Sequence: Itinerary 22 of 32

    Owner Name: Jeremiah Harman

    In possession from: 1798 to 1798

    Location: Higham House, Woolford

    Notes:

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  • Sequence: Itinerary 23 of 32

    Owner Name: Bridgewater Syndicate

    In possession from: 1798 to 1800

    Location: Lyceum Theater, London

    Notes:

    Sold to dealer Michael Bryan, representing the Bridgewater Syndicate: Lord Francis Egerton, 3rd Duke of Bridgewater, George Leveson-Gower, 1st Duke of Sutherland, and Frederick Howard, 5th Earl of Carlisle.

    Pictures from the Orléans collection were displayed for sale in the Lyceum theater and at Bryan's gallery in Schomberg House, Pall Mall. The Bridgewater Syndicate did not reserve Perseus and Andromeda for themselves; it was unsold and was auctioned off in 1800 to Bryan himself.

    Citations:


  • Sequence: Itinerary 24 of 32

    Owner Name: Michael Bryan

    In possession from: 1800 to 1805

    Location: Schomberg House

    Notes:

    Haskell, Francis. The Ephemeral Museum: Old Master Paintings and the Rise of the Art Exhibition (Yale University Press, 2000), p. 24.

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  • Sequence: Itinerary 25 of 32

    Owner Name: Sir Gregory Osborne Page Turner

    In possession from: 1805 to 1815

    Location: Portland Place

    Notes:

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  • Sequence: Itinerary 26 of 32

    Owner Name: Francis Charles Seymour-Conway, Lord Yarmouth, 3rd Marquess of Hertford

    In possession from: 1815 to 1819

    Location: Grosvenor Street

    Notes:

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  • Sequence: Itinerary 27 of 32

    Owner Name: Francis Charles Seymour-Conway, Lord Yarmouth, 3rd Marquess of Hertford

    In possession from: 1819 to Unknown

    Location: The British Institution (British Gallery)

    Notes:

    Lord Yarmouth loaned Perseus and Andromeda to the British Institution starting in 1819.

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  • Sequence: Itinerary 28 of 32

    Owner Name: Francis Charles Seymour-Conway, Lord Yarmouth, 3rd Marquess of Hertford

    In possession from: 1822 to 1842

    Location: Dorchester House

    Notes:

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  • Sequence: Itinerary 29 of 32

    Owner Name: Richard Seymour-Conway, 4th Marquess of Hertford

    In possession from: 1846 to 1852

    Location: Pantechnicon building (storage), Motcomb Street

    Notes:

    The 4th Marquess inherited Perseus and Andromeda in 1842 at the death of his father but did not move the painting from Dorchester House until four years later.

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  • Sequence: Itinerary 30 of 32

    Owner Name: Richard Seymour-Conway, 4th Marquess of Hertford

    In possession from: 1852 to 1870

    Location: Hertford House, Manchester Square

    Notes:

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  • Sequence: Itinerary 31 of 32

    Owner Name: Sir Richard Wallace, 1st Baronet

    In possession from: 1871 to 1890

    Location: Hertford House, Manchester Square

    Notes:

    By inheritance to Richard Wallace, illegitimate son of the 4th Marquess of Hertford.

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  • Sequence: Itinerary 32 of 32

    Owner Name: Wallace Collection

    In possession from: 1897 to Present

    Location: Wallace Collection (Hertford House)

    Notes:

    Richard Wallace dies 1890, his widow in 1897, leaving to the nation the paintings "on the ground and first floors of Hertford House."

    Citations: John Ingamells, ''Perseus and Andromeda': The Provenance' Burlington Magazine vol. 124 : 952 (July, 1982), page 399. Wethey, Harold E. , The Paintings of Titian, v. 3 : The Mythological and Historical Paintings, (London: Phaidon, 1975) p. 169.


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